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The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.

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Hybridization

Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.

DP number

The degree of polymerization, the average number of monomer units per polymer unit.

Solute

The dispersed (dissolved) phase of a solution.

Dipole Moment

The product of the distance separating opposite charges of equal magnitude of the charge, a measure of the polarity of a bond or molecule, a measured dipole moment refers to the dipole moment of an entire molecule.

Isoelectric

Having the same electronic configurations.

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Transition State Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.

Organic Chemistry

The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.

Electron Configuration

Specific distribution of electrons in atomic orbitals of atoms or ions.

Conformations

Structures of a compound that differ by the extent of rotation about a single bond.