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Electrochemical cells in which spontaneous chemical reactions produce electricity, also called galvanic cells.

 

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xylic acid

Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.

xylose

A colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.

K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Ionic Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.

Double Salt

Solid consisting of two co-crystallized salts.

 

Hydrolysis

The reaction of a substance with water or its ions.

Basic Salt

A salt containing an ionizable OH group.

Mass

A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.