Electrochemical cells in which spontaneous chemical reactions produce electricity, also called galvanic cells.
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The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.
A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.
Unit of electrical charge.
Ions resulting from the formation of coordinate covalent bonds between simple ions and other ions or molecules.
A salt or ester of salicylic acid.
Adhesion of a species onto the surfaces of particles.
A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.
A Lewis base in a coordination compound.
Weak Field Ligand
A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.
Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.
Refers to crystals having the same atomic arrangement.
A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.
A molecular orbit lower in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends stability to a molecule or ion when populated with electron.
Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).
Spectrum associated with absorption of electromagnetic radiation by atoms (or other species) resulting from transitions from lower to higher energy states. An absorption spectrum is the inverse of an emission spectrum.
A substance of a known high degree of purity that undergoes one invariable reaction with the other reactant of interest.
The particle pressure of a vapor at the surface of its parent liquid.
In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.
Heat of Crystallization
The amount of heat that must be removed from one gram of a liquid at its freezing point to freeze it with no change in temperature.
Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.