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Electrochemical cells in which spontaneous chemical reactions produce electricity, also called galvanic cells.

 

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Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.

Degenerate

Of the same energy.

Ioniztion

The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Double Salt

Solid consisting of two co-crystallized salts.

 

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

It is impossible to determine accurately both the momentum and position of an electron simultaneously.

Saccharate

A compound formed by interaction of sucrose with a metallic oxide, usually lime, and useful in the purification of sugar.

 

Nuclides

Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.

Supercritical Fluid

A substance at temperature above its critical temperature.

yttrium metal

Any of a subgroup of rare-earth elements, of which the cerium and terbium metals comprise the other two subgroups.