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Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

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Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Endothermic

Describes processes that absorb heat energy.

Clay

A class of silicate and aluminosilicate minerals with sheet-like structures that have enormous surface areas that can absorb large amounts of water.

Basic Salt

A salt containing an ionizable OH group.

Antibonding Orbital

A molecular orbital higher in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons, denoted with a star (*) superscript or symbol.

Formula Unit

The smallest repeating unit of a substance. The molecule for nonionic substances

Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell

Fuel cell in which hydrogen is the fuel (reducing agent) and oxygen is the oxidizing agent.

 

Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Electrophile

Positively charged or electron-deficient.

Strong Electrolyte

A substance that conducts electricity well in a dilute aqueous solution.