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The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.

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Reaction Ratio

The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.

 

Hydrolysis Constant

An equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction.

Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Zone Refining

A method of purifying a bar of metal by passing it through an induction heater, this causes impurties to move along a melted portion. This method applies the fact when a metal crystallizes on cooling, impurities are automatically expelled as they do not form part of the crystal.

Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Cyclotron

A device for accelerating charged particles along a spiral path.

Particulate Matter

Fine divided solid particles suspended in polluted air.

Bomb Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings at constant volume.

Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Ground State

The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.