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The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.

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Condensation

Liquefaction of vapor.

Atom

The smallest particle of an element.

Percent Composition

The mass percent of each element in a compound.

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Denatured

A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.

 

Allotropes

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.

Charle's Law

At constant pressure the volume occupied by a definite mass of gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature.

Alkyl Group

A group of atoms derived from an alkane by the removal of one hydrogen atom.

Heat

A form of energy that flows between two samples of matter because of their differences in temperature.

Bond Order

Half the numbers of electrons in bonding orbitals minus half the number of electrons in antibonding orbitals. Bond order gives an indication to the stability of a bond. Also defined as the difference between the number of bonding electrons and antibonding electrons divided by two.