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HNO3: A strong acid, it is toxic and can cause severe burns. Transparent colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic and corrosive liquid. Nitric acid boiling point is 83C. A 70 percent solution is used in the S.S.E. laboratory for junction depth measurements. Nitric acid is also present in the metal etch solution used for the Aluminum etch procedure.

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Second Law of Thermodynamics

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Descibes the quantitative (mass) relationships among elements in compounds.

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A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.

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The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.

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A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.

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Bonding within metals due to the electrical attraction of positively charges metal ions for mobile electrons that belong to the crystal as a whole.