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The dispersed (dissolved) phase of a solution.

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Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Limiting Reactant

Substance that stoichiometrically limits the amount of product(s) that can be formed.

Photon

A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.

 

Saturated Solution

Solution in which no more solute will dissolve.

Salt and its use in everyday life

Cooking salt is a product that is available in every kitchen, and it’s not as simple as it seems. The history of this product shows that it was valued like gold.

Lanthanide Contraction

A decrease in the radii of the elements following the lanthanides compared to what would be expected if there were no f-transition metals.

Molecule

The smallest particle of an element or compound capable of a stable, independent existence.

Distillation

The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points. The process in which components of a mixture are separated by boiling away the more volitile liquid.

Debye

The unit used to express dipole moments.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.