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Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.

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Endothermicity

The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Leclanche Cell

A common type of dry cell.

Evaporization

Vaporization of a liquid below its boiling point.

Coke

An impure form of carbon obtained by destructive distillation of coal or petroleum.

Salt Bridge

A U-shaped tube containing electrolyte, which connects two half-cells of a voltaic cell.

xylose

A colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.

Polymerization

The combination of many small molecules to form large molecules.

First Law of Thermodynamics

The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.