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The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

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Heat of Solution

The amount of heat absorbed in the formation of solution that contains one mole of solute, the value is positive if heat is absorbed (endothermic) and negative if heat is released (exothermic).

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Molecular Formula

Formula that indicates the actual number of atoms present in a molecule of a molecular substance.

Saccharic acid

A white, needlelike, crystalline, water-soluble solid or syrup, C6H10O8, usually made by the oxidation of cane sugar, glucose, or starch by nitric acid. Also called "Glucaric acid."

Derivative

A compound that can be imagined to arise from a partent compound by replacement of one atom with another atom or group of atoms. Used extensively in orgainic chemistry to assist in identifying compounds.

Polyene

A compound that contains more than one double bond per molecule.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Alkaline Battery

A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.

Period

The elements in a horizontal row of the periodic table.

Haber Process

A process for the catalyzed industrial production of ammonia from N2 and H2 at high temperature and pressure.