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The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

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Geometrical Isomers

Compounds with different arrangements of groups on either side of a bond with restricted rotation, such as a double bond or a single bond in a ring, for example cis-trans isomers of certain alkenes. Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other, also known as position isomers.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

Plasma

A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

Coordination Isomers

Isomers involving exchanges of ligands between complex cation and complex anion of the same compound.

Law of Partial Pressures (Dalton's Law)

The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

Conjugated Double Bonds

Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.

Canal Ray

Stream of positively charged particles (cations) that moves toward the negative electrode in cathode ray tubes, observed to pass through canals in the negative electrode.

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.

 

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.

Molecular Orbital Theory

A theory of chemical bonding based upon the postulated existence of molecular orbitals.