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The ability of one liquid to mix with (dissolve in) another liquid.

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    Chemistry can teach us about the composition of celestial bodies and determine their age.

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  • Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope

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Ionic Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) about the central atom of a polyatomic ion.

Mass Action Expression

For a reversible reaction, aA + bB cC + dD the product of the concentrations of the products (species on the right), each raised to the power that corresponds to its coefficient in the balanced chemical equation, divided by the product of the concentrations of reactants (species on the left), each raised to the power that corresponds to its coefficient in the balanced chemical equation. At equilibrium the mass action expression is equal to K, at other times it is Q.[C]c[D]d [A]a[B]b = Q, or at equilibrium K.

Effective Collisons

Collision between molecules resulting in a reaction, one in which the molecules collide with proper relative orientations and sufficient energy to react.

 

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Chemical Resources

Chemindustry.com - Includes chemicals, chemical companies, engineering, and process equipment. Search tool for products, services, and information.
Chemicals HeadQuarters - Directory of industrial chemicals and chemical products including induced and forced air coolers, halogenated compounds, distilling equipment, and foundry resins.
Chemical Advisory Service - Directories of chemical manufacturers and traders for Australia and New Zealand and chemical manufacturers for the Asia Pacific region.
Chemcompass - The database for the chemical industry. Search in over 20,000 products, 2,000 companies, brands, EINECS or CAS-numbers, and detailled company information.
Chemical Week - Daily news and product updates for professionals in the chemical industry.
American Chemistry Council News and Media - Provides chemistry business and industry news, updated issue briefs, fact sheets, press releases, media contacts and other resources.
About Chemistry - News articles, periodic tables, educational resources, newsletters, and annotated links.
General Chemistry Online - Rich resource for students and teachers of introductory chemistry. Includes interactive course guides and tutorials, an exam survival guide, reference tables, self-grading quizzes and exams, a searchable glossary, a question and answer board, answers to over 300 frequently asked questions, and a chemical trivia quiz.
Chem4Kids - Learn about chemistry including matter, atoms, and reactions. Includes online quizzes.
Chemistry & Environmental Dictionary - Contains definitions for many chemistry, environmental and other related technical terms and acronyms.
EDF Chemical Scoreboard - Toxic Release Inventory data for the US. Sources and amounts of toxic chemicals released to air and water. Also has information on health effects and other topics.
Chemistry Articles - Collection of chemistry and chemical related articles.

 

Pairing Energy

Energy required to pair two electrons in the same orbital.

Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope

The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types.

The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The device is based on a complex process of "tunneling" electrons between the material and the tip of a probe.

Eluate

Solvent (or mobile phase) which passes through a chromatographic column and removes the sample components from the stationary phase.