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A dry cell in which the anode is Cd, the cathode is NiO2, and the electrolyte is basic.

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Ioniztion

The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

Collision Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.

Percent by Mass

100% times the actual yield divided by theoretical yield.

Law of Combining Volumes (Gay-Lussac's Law)

At constant temperature and pressure, the volumes of reacting gases (and any gaseous products) can be expressed as ratios of small whole numbers.

 

Alkenes (Olefins)

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.

Ore

A natural deposit containing a mineral of an element to be extracted.

Spectral Line

Any of a number of lines corresponding to definite wavelengths of an atomic emission or absorption spectrum, represents the energy difference between two energy levels.

 

Nuclides

Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.