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A dry cell in which the anode is Cd, the cathode is NiO2, and the electrolyte is basic.

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Atomic Weight

Weighted average of the masses of the constituent isotopes of an element, The relative masses of atoms of different elements.

Ionization Constant

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of a weak electrolyte.

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Nuclides

Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Secondary Voltaic Cells

Voltaic cells that can be recharged, original reactanats can be regenerated be reversing the direction of the current flow.

Excited State

Any state other than the ground state of an atom or molecule.

Photoelectric Effect

Emission of an electron from the surface of a metal caused by impinging electromagnetic radiation of certain minimum energy, current increases with increasing intensity of radiation.

 

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.