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A dry cell in which the anode is Cd, the cathode is NiO2, and the electrolyte is basic.

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Alkali Metals

Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).

Saturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.

Percentage Ionization

The percentage of the weak electrolyte that ionizes in a solution of given concentration.

Atmosphere

A unit of pressure, the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at 0 °C.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)

A written program developed and implemented by an employer designating proceedures, equipment, personal protective equipment, and work practices that are capable of protecting employees from the health hazards presented by hazardous chemicals usid in that particular workplace.

Conjugated Double Bonds

Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.

Reaction Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among substances as they participate in chemical reactions.

Binding Energy (nuclear binding energy)

The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2