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Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

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Boiling Point Elevation

The increase in the boiling point of a solvent caused by the dissolution of a nonvolatile solute.

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Binding Energy (nuclear binding energy)

The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2

Leclanche Cell

A common type of dry cell.

Polymer

A large molecule consisting of chains or rings of linked monomer units, usually characterized by high melting and boiling points.

Nonpolar Bond

Covalent bond in which electron density is symmetrically distributed.

Ternary Acid

A ternary compound containing H, O, and another element, often a nonmetal.

Alpha (a) Particle

Helium ion with 2+ charge, an assembly of two protons and two neutrons.

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.