Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
Compound containing both an amino and a carboxylic acid group.The --NH2 group.
Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.
Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.
A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.
Two or more forms of atoms of the same element with different masses, atoms containing the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.
Weak Field Ligand
A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.
A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.
A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and four atoms at the corners of a square.
A spherically symmetrical atomic orbital, one per energy level.
A pattern of arrangement of particles in a crystal.
The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) about the central atom of a polyatomic ion.
An ionization reaction between identical molecules.
The mass of one formula unit of a substance in atomic mass units.
An element below and to the left of the stepwise division (metalloids) in the upper right corner of the periodic table, about 80% of the known elements are metals.
Bonds resulting from the head-on overlap of atomic orbitals, in which the region of electron sharing is along and (cylindrically) symmetrical to the imaginary line connecting the bonded atoms.
Colloidal suspension of a solid dispersed in a liquid, a semirigid solid.
Polymeric organosilicon compounds, contain individual or cross-linked Si-O chains or rings in which some oxygens of SiO4 tetrahedra are replaced by other groups.
Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.
Transition State Theory
Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.
A technique for separation of ions by rate and direction of migration in an electric field.