Spontaneous decomposition of an atom.
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Any state other than the ground state of an atom or molecule.
An area that may be used for work with carcinogens, reproductive toxins, or substances that have a high degree of acute toxicity. A designated area may be the entire laboratory, an area of a laboratory, or a device such as a laboratory hood.
Covalent bond resulting from the sharing of four electrons (two pairs) between two atoms.
Potentials, E, of half-reactions as reductions versus the standard hydrogen electrode.
The dispersing medium of a solution.
A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.
In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.
Either the oxidation part or the reduction part of a redox reaction.
A substance that conducts electricity poorly in a dilute aqueous solution.
A device used for accelerating charged particles along a straight line path.
Weak Field Ligand
A Ligand that exerts a weak crystal or ligand field and ge- nerally forms high spin complexes with metals.
Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.
Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.
Bonds resulting from the head-on overlap of atomic orbitals, in which the region of electron sharing is along and (cylindrically) symmetrical to the imaginary line connecting the bonded atoms.
A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.
Combination of symbols that indicates the chemical composition of a substance.
A term used to describe molecules and polyatomic ions that have one atom in the center and six atoms at the corners of a octahedron.
Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.
Short-lived species formed by the collision of dissolved ions of opposite charges.
Faraday's Law of Electrolysis
One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.