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Removal of some ions from solution by precipitation while leaving other ions with similar properties in solution.

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Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Monoprotic Acid

Acid that can form only one hydronium ion per molecule, may be strong or weak. Acid that contains one ionizable hydrogen atom per formula unit.

Ioniztion

The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

Crystal Field Theory

Theory of bonding in transition metal complexes in which ligands and metal ions are treated as point charges, a purely ionic model, ligand point charges represent the crystal (electrical) field perturbing the metal?s d orbitals containing nonbonding electrons.

Nickel-cadmium cell (Nicad battery)

A dry cell in which the anode is Cd, the cathode is NiO2, and the electrolyte is basic.

Nitrogenases

A class of enzymes found in bacteria within root nodules in some plants, which catalyze reactions by which N2 molecules from the air are converted to ammonia.

 

Molality

Concentration expressed as number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent.

Bomb Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings at constant volume.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.

Turning iron nail into copper nail

This simple chemical experiment shows the so-called process of copper plating of metal products. Copper has the ability to deposit on a metal surface.