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A property that depends upon the amount of material in a sample.

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Capillary

A tube having a very small inside diameter.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Nucleons

Particles comprising the nucleus, protons and neutrons.

Chemical Kinetics

The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.

Reverse Osmosis

Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.

Octet Rule

Many representative elements attain at least a share of eight electrons in their valence shells when they form molecular or ionic compounds, there are some limitations.

Conjugated Double Bonds

Double bonds that are separated from each other by one single bond -C=C-C=C-.

Fast Neutron

A neutron ejected at high kinetic energy in a nuclear reaction.