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The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

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Alkali Metals

Metals of Group IA (Na, K, Rb).

Dipole

Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

Sigma Orbital

Molecular orbital resulting from head-on overlap of two atomic orbitals.

Mass Action Expression

For a reversible reaction, aA + bB cC + dD the product of the concentrations of the products (species on the right), each raised to the power that corresponds to its coefficient in the balanced chemical equation, divided by the product of the concentrations of reactants (species on the left), each raised to the power that corresponds to its coefficient in the balanced chemical equation. At equilibrium the mass action expression is equal to K, at other times it is Q.[C]c[D]d [A]a[B]b = Q, or at equilibrium K.

Amphiprotism

Ability of a substance to exhibit amphiprotism by accepting donated protons.

Effective Collisons

Collision between molecules resulting in a reaction, one in which the molecules collide with proper relative orientations and sufficient energy to react.

 

Delocalization

Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.

Matter

Anything that has mass and occupies space.

Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Ketone

Compound in which a carbonyl group is bound to two alkyl or two aryl groups, or to one alkyl and one aryl group.