The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
Spectrum that contains all wave-lengths in a specified region of the electromagnetic spectrum.
An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.
The smallest particle of an element or compound capable of a stable, independent existence.
An isotope of hydrogen whose atoms are twice as massive as ordinary hydrogen,deuterion atoms contain both a proton and a neutron in the nucleus.
A two-armed barometer.
The combination of critical temperature and critical pressure of a substance.
Allotropic Modifications (Allotropes)
Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.
A substance that produces H+(aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong acids ionize completely or almost completely in dilute aqueous solution. Weak acids ionize only slightly. Chemicals or substances having the property of an acid are said to be acidic.
A salt or ester of xanthic acid. Many xanthates have a yellow color. Xanthates are used as flotation agents in mineral processing.
Free Energy, Gibbs Free Energy
The thermodynamic state function of a system that indicates the amount of energy available for the system to do useful work at constant T and P.
Law of Conservation of Matter
There is no detectable change in the quantity of matter during an ordinary chemical reaction.
A cluster of atoms in a ferromagnetic substance, all of which align in the same direction in the presence of an external magnetic field.
A sample of matter composed of two or more substances, each of which retains its identity and properties.
A device for observing the paths of speeding particiles as vapor molecules condense on them to form foglike tracks.
Heat of Vaporization
The amount of heat required to vaporize one gram of a liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of vaporization is the amount of heat required to vaporize one mole of liquid at its boiling point with no change in temperature and usually expressed ion kJ/mol.
In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.
A compound that contains more than one double bond per molecule.
Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.
An instrument that measures the charge-to-mass ratio of charged particles.
A thermometer used for accurate measurement of very small changes in temperature.