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The total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases.

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Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Alkaline Battery

A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.

Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Osmotic Pressure

The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.

Ground State

The lowest energy state or most stable state of an atom, molecule or ion.

Linear Accelerator

A device used for accelerating charged particles along a straight line path.

Antibonding Orbital

A molecular orbital higher in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons, denoted with a star (*) superscript or symbol.

Ether

Compound in which an oxygen atom is bonded to two alkyl or two aryl groups, or one alkyl and one aryl group.

Boyle's Law

At constant temperature the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely proportional to the applied pressure.