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A substance added to react with the charge, or a product of its reduction, in metallurgy, usually added to lower a melting point.

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Geometrical Isomers

Compounds with different arrangements of groups on either side of a bond with restricted rotation, such as a double bond or a single bond in a ring, for example cis-trans isomers of certain alkenes. Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other, also known as position isomers.

Titration

A Procedure in which one solution is added to another solution until the chemical reaction between the two solutes is complete, the concentration of one solution is known and that of the other is unknown.

 

Leclanche Cell

A common type of dry cell.

Acetic Acid

CA3COOH, clear, colorless liquid, pungent odor. Boiling point 140C, flash point 54C (closed cup), autoignition temperature 38OC.

Periodic Table of Elements

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.

Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Inhibitory Catalyst

An inhibitor, a catalyst that decreases the rate of reaction.

Standard Entropy

The absolute entropy of a substance in its standard state at 298 K.

xylose

A colorless, crystalline pentose sugar, C5H10O5, derived from xylan, straw, corncobs, etc., by treating with heated dilute sulfuric acid, and dehydrating to furfural if stronger acid is used.

Coordination Sphere

The metal ion and its coordinating ligands but not any uncoordinated counter-ions.