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A substance added to react with the charge, or a product of its reduction, in metallurgy, usually added to lower a melting point.

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Isomers

Different substances that have the same formula.

Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Barometer

A device for measuring pressure.

Electroplating

Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.

Ionic Compounds

Compounds containing predominantly ionic bonding.

Reactants

Substances consumed in a chemical reaction.

Dosimeter

A small, calibrated electroscope worn by laboratory personnel and designated to detect and measure incident ionizing radiation or chemical exposure.

Equilibrium or Chemical Equilibrium

A state of dynamic balance in which the rates of forward and reverse reactions are equal, the state of a system when neither forward or reverse reaction is thermodynamically favored.

Cell Potential

Potential difference, Ecell, between oxidation and reduction half-cells under nonstandard conditions.