Energy that matter processes by virtue of its motion.
- Diamonds Are Forever
Diamonds are still a girl's best friend, right? We love the shiny gems. They are the most popular rocks sold today. But what exactly are they, anyway? Where do they come from? What else are they used for?
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What are Compound Microscopes?
Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.
The amount of energy absorbed in the process in which an electron is added to a neutral isolated gaseous atom to form a gaseous ion with a 1- charge, has a negative value if energy is released.
The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.
Molecular orbital resulting from head-on overlap of two atomic orbitals.
Inner Orbital Complex
Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.
A process for the catalyzed industrial production of ammonia from N2 and H2 at high temperature and pressure.
The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, the temperature above which a substance cannot exhibit distinct gas and liquid phases.
Compounds containing predominantly covalent bonds.
A substance that conducts electricity poorly in a dilute aqueous solution.
A molecular orbital derived only from an atomic orbital of one atom, lends neither stability nor instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons.
Solid consisting of two co-crystallized salts.
Colloidal suspension of a liquid in a liquid.
Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.
Integrated Rate Equation
An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.
A common type of dry cell.
Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.
Any of six isomeric compounds that have the formula C8H11N, are derivatives of xylene, and resemble aniline: used in dye manufacture.
It is the force in dynes acting along the surface of the liquid 1cm in length and perpendicular to it.
The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.
A series of compounds in which each member differs from the next by a specific number and kind of atoms.