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Liquefaction of vapor.

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Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Radiation

High energy particles or rays emitted during the nuclear decay processes.

xylene

Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

Anode

In a cathode ray tube, the positive electrode. Electrode at which oxidation occurs.

Ester

A Compound of the general formula R-C-O-R1 where R and R1 may be the same or different, and may be either aliphatic or aromatic.

Buret

A piece of volumetric glassware, usually graduated in 0.1-mL intervals, that is used to deliver solutions to be used in titrations in a quantitative (dropwise) manner.

Insoluble Compound

A very slightly soluble compound.

Nonelectrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions do not conduct electricity.

Conformations

Structures of a compound that differ by the extent of rotation about a single bond.