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Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Alcohols are neither acid nor alkaline. They are characterized by many common reactions, the most important of which is the reaction with acids forming substances called esters.

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Dilution

Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

Solvation

The process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules.

Anion

A negative ion, an atom or goup of atoms that has gained one or more electrons.

 

Ionization Constant

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of a weak electrolyte.

Radioactivity

The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

Pineapple literally "erodes" the tongue

Everyone who has ever tried fresh pineapple knows that if you eat too much, your lips and tongue hurt for a while. This is because the pineapple contains an enzyme called bromelain. This enzyme literally "erodes" the tongue.

Ketone

Compound in which a carbonyl group is bound to two alkyl or two aryl groups, or to one alkyl and one aryl group.

Electromotive Series

The relative order of tendencies for elements and their simple ions to act as oxidizing or reducing agents, also called the activity series.

Fast Neutron

A neutron ejected at high kinetic energy in a nuclear reaction.

Electromagnetic Radiation

Energy that is propagated by means of electric and magnetic fields that oscillate in directions perpendicular to the direction of travel of the energy.