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Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Alcohols are neither acid nor alkaline. They are characterized by many common reactions, the most important of which is the reaction with acids forming substances called esters.

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Band Theory of Metals

Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.

Ioniztion

The breaking up of a compound into separate ions.

Gangue

Sand, rock, and other impurities surrounding the mineral of interest in an ore.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Ion Product for Water

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of water, Kw = [H3O+][OH-] =1.00 x 10-14 at 25 °C.

Denaturation

A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

It is impossible to determine accurately both the momentum and position of an electron simultaneously.

Reverse Osmosis

Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Second Law of Thermodynamics

The universe tends toward a state of greater diorder in spontaneous processes.