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Hydrocarbon derivative containing an --OH group attached to a carbon atom not in an aromatic ring. Alcohols are a class of organic compounds containing the hydroxyl group, OH, attached to a carbon atom.

Alcohols are neither acid nor alkaline. They are characterized by many common reactions, the most important of which is the reaction with acids forming substances called esters.

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Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Octane Number

A number that indicates how smoothly a gasoline burns.

Limiting Reactant

Substance that stoichiometrically limits the amount of product(s) that can be formed.

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Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

Heat of Fusion

The amount of heat required to melt one gram of solid at its melting point with no change in temperature. Usually expressed in J/g. The molar heat of fusion is the amount of heat required to melt one mole of a solid at its melting point with no change in temperature and is usually expressed in kJ/mol.

Bomb Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings at constant volume.

Rate-determining Step

The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.

Endothermicity

The absorption of heat by a system as the process occurs.