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The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.


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Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Rate of Reaction

Change in the concentration of a reactant or product per unit time.


A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

Boyle's Law

At constant temperature the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely proportional to the applied pressure.

Chain Reaction

A reaction that, once initiated, sustains itself and expands. This is a reaction in which reactive species, such as radicals, are produced in more than one step. These reactive species, radicals, propagate the chain reaction.


Low Spin Complex

Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.

Liquid Aerosol

Colloidal suspension of liquid in gas.

Breeder Reactor

A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable nuclear fuel than it consumes.

Dipole-dipole Interactions

Attractive interactions between polar molecules, that is, between molecules with permanent dipoles.

Alkaline Battery

A dry cell in which the electrolyte contains KOH.