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The relative amounts of reactants and products involved in a reaction, maybe the ratio of moles. millimoles, or masses.

 

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Crystal Lattice

A pattern of arrangement of particles in a crystal.

Radioactivity

The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

Crystal Field Theory

Theory of bonding in transition metal complexes in which ligands and metal ions are treated as point charges, a purely ionic model, ligand point charges represent the crystal (electrical) field perturbing the metal?s d orbitals containing nonbonding electrons.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.

 

Critical Temperature

The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, the temperature above which a substance cannot exhibit distinct gas and liquid phases.

Hydrophilic Colloids

Colloidal particles that repel water molecules.

Denatured

A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.

 

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.