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Electron emitted from the nucleus when a neuton decays to a proton and an electron.

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Rate-determining Step

The slowest step in a mechanism, the step that determines the overall rate of reaction.

Stereoisomers

Isomers that differ only in the way that atoms are oriented in space, consist of geometrical and optical isomers.

 

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

Evaporization

Vaporization of a liquid below its boiling point.

Amine

Derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic groups.

Phase Diagram

Diagram that shows equilibrium temperature-pressure relationships for different phases of a substance.

Metathesis Reactions

Reactions in which two compounds react to form two new compounds, with no changes in oxidation number. Reactions in which the ions of two compounds exchange partners.

 

Peroxide

A compound containing oxygen in the -1 oxidation state. Metal peroxides contain the peroxide ion, O22

Catenation

Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.

Lead Storage Battery

Secondary voltaic cell used in most automobiles.

Homogeneous Mixture

A mixture which has uniform composition and properties throughout.

xylidine

Any of six isomeric compounds that have the formula C8H11N, are derivatives of xylene, and resemble aniline: used in dye manufacture.

Alloying

Mixing of metal with other substances (usually other metals) to modify its properties.

Amphiprotism

Ability of a substance to exhibit amphiprotism by accepting donated protons.

ytterbia

Ytterbia is a colorless compound, Yb2O3, used in certain alloys and ceramics. Also known as ytterbium oxide.

Photon

A packet of light or electromagnetic radiation, also called quantum of light.

 

Dissociation Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissociation of a comples ion into a simple ion and coordinating species (ligands).

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Overlap

The interaction of orbitals on different atoms in the same region of space.

Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.