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Electron emitted from the nucleus when a neuton decays to a proton and an electron.

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Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Oxidation

An algebraic increase in the oxidation number, may correspond to a loss of electrons.

Octet Rule

Many representative elements attain at least a share of eight electrons in their valence shells when they form molecular or ionic compounds, there are some limitations.

Mechanism

The sequence of steps by which reactants are converted into products.

Phenol

Hydrocarbon derivative containing an [OH] group bound to an aromatic raing.

 

Hess' Law of Heat Summation

The enthalpy change for a reaction is the same whether it occurs in one step or a series of steps.

Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Boyle's Law

At constant temperature the volume occupied by a definite mass of a gas is inversely proportional to the applied pressure.

Zone Refining

A method of purifying a bar of metal by passing it through an induction heater, this causes impurties to move along a melted portion. This method applies the fact when a metal crystallizes on cooling, impurities are automatically expelled as they do not form part of the crystal.

Aufbau ('building up') Principle

Describes the order in which electrons fill orbitals in atoms.