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The quantitative application of Faraday's Law to the analysis of materials. The current and time are the usual variables measured.

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Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA)

A technique for observing the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermally induced transitions in a material by heating/cooling a sample and comparing its temperature with that of an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Formal Charge

A method of counting electrons in a covalently bonded molecule or ion, counts bonding electrons as though they were equally shared between the two atoms.

Saccharic

of or derived from saccharin or a saccharine substance.

 

Deuterium

An isotope of hydrogen whose atoms are twice as massive as ordinary hydrogen,deuterion atoms contain both a proton and a neutron in the nucleus.

Atomic Orbital

Region or volume in space in which the probability of finding electrons is highest.

Heat of Crystallization

The amount of heat that must be removed from one gram of a liquid at its freezing point to freeze it with no change in temperature.

Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy

The total amount of matter and energy available in the universe is fixed.

Specific Heat

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of substance one degree Celsius.

Limiting Reactant

Substance that stoichiometrically limits the amount of product(s) that can be formed.

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.