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A compound that can be imagined to arise from a partent compound by replacement of one atom with another atom or group of atoms. Used extensively in orgainic chemistry to assist in identifying compounds.

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Organic Chemistry

The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.

Combination Reaction

Reaction in which two substances (elements or compounds) combine to form one compound.

Solution

Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.

Collision Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.

Ternary Acid

A ternary compound containing H, O, and another element, often a nonmetal.

Precipitate

An insoluble solid formed by mixing in solution the constituent ions of a slightly soluble solution.

Strong Field Ligand

Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

Viscosity

Resistance offered by the molecules of a liquid to flow is termed as viscosity.

Free Energy, Gibbs Free Energy

The thermodynamic state function of a system that indicates the amount of energy available for the system to do useful work at constant T and P.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.