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The undesirable overgrowth of vegetation caused by high concentrates of plant nutrients in bodies of water.

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Born-Haber Cycle

A series of reactions (and accompanying enthalpy changes) which, when summed, represents the hypothetical one-step reaction by which elements in their standard states are converted into crystals of ionic compounds (and the accompanying enthalpy changes.)

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.

Kinetic Energy

Energy that matter processes by virtue of its motion.

Ternary Compound

A compound consisting of three elements, may be ionic or covalent.

Nitric Acid

HNO3: A strong acid, it is toxic and can cause severe burns. Transparent colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic and corrosive liquid. Nitric acid boiling point is 83C. A 70 percent solution is used in the S.S.E. laboratory for junction depth measurements. Nitric acid is also present in the metal etch solution used for the Aluminum etch procedure.

Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Heat

A form of energy that flows between two samples of matter because of their differences in temperature.

Chemical Equation

Description of a chemical reaction by placing the formulas of the reactants on the left and the formulas of products on the right of an arrow.

Alpha (a) Particle

Helium ion with 2+ charge, an assembly of two protons and two neutrons.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.