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One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

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pH

Negative logarithm of the concentration (mol/L) of the H3O+[H+] ion, scale is commonly used over a range 0 to 14.

Suspension

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of solvent-like phase some time after their introduction.

Dimer

Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.

Background Radiation

Ratiation extraneous to an experiment. Usually the low-level natural radiation form cosmic rays and trace radioactive substances present in our environment.

Radioactivity

The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

A technique for measuring the temperature, direction, and magnitude of thermal transitions in a sample material by heating/cooling and comparing the amount of energy required to maintain its rate of temperature increase or decrease with an inert reference material under similar conditions.

Ampere

Unit of electrical current, one ampere equals one coulomb per second.

 

Hydrophilic Colloids

Colloidal particles that repel water molecules.

Nitrogen Cycle

The complex series of reactions by which nitrogen is slowly but continually recycled in the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere.

 

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.