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One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

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Molecular Weight

The mass of one molecule of a nonionic substance in atomic mass units.

Equivalence Point

The point at which chemically equivalent amounts of reactants have reacted.

Diamagnetism

Weak repulsion by a magnetic field.

Quantum Mechanics

Mathematical method of treating particles on the basis of quantum theory, which assumes that energy (of small particles) is not infinitely divisible.

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Mole Fraction

The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

Boiling Point Elevation

The increase in the boiling point of a solvent caused by the dissolution of a nonvolatile solute.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Amino Acid

Compound containing both an amino and a carboxylic acid group.The --NH2 group.

Oxidation-reduction Reactions

Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur, also called redox reactions.