Electrolytic cell for the commercial electrolysis of molten sodium chloride. For further information see Electrochemistry or Fuel Cells.
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It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
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Most of the microscopes used today are compound. A compound microscope features two or more lenses. A hollow cylinder called the tube connects the two lenses. The top lens, the one people look through, is called the eyepiece. The bottom lens is known as the objective lens. Below the two lenses is...
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In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
An element below and to the left of the stepwise division (metalloids) in the upper right corner of the periodic table, about 80% of the known elements are metals.
The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through fission, fusion, or radioactivity. In these processes a small amount of mass is converted to energy according to the relationship E = mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light.
A proton acceptor
Unit of electrical charge.
All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.
Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.
Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.
Many representative elements attain at least a share of eight electrons in their valence shells when they form molecular or ionic compounds, there are some limitations.
A protein that acts as a catalyst in biological systems.
A region in which the probability of finding an electron is zero.
A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means.
Attractive interactions between polar molecules, that is, between molecules with permanent dipoles.
A Nuclear particle with the mass of an electron but opposite charge.
A very slightly soluble compound.
Protection of a metal (making ir a cathode) against corrosion by attaching it to a sacrifical anode of a more easily oxidized metal.
A reaction in which the numbers of moles of reactants shown in the balanced equation, all in their standard states, are completely converted to the numbers of moles of products shown in the balanced equation, also sall at their standard state.
Energy that matter possesses by virtue of its position, condition or composition.
Low Spin Complex
Crystal field designation for an inner orbital complex, contains electrons paired t2g orbitals before eg orbitals are occupied in octahedral complexes.
A device for observing the paths of speeding particiles as vapor molecules condense on them to form foglike tracks.
Isomers of crystalline complexes that differ in whether water is present inside or outside the coordination sphere.