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Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

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Gem-dimethyl group

Two methyl groups of the same carbon atom.

Polymer

A large molecule consisting of chains or rings of linked monomer units, usually characterized by high melting and boiling points.

Condensation

Liquefaction of vapor.

Explosive

A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release or pressure, gas, heat and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature or applied potential.

London Forces

Very weak and very short-range attractive forces between short-lived temporary (induced) dipoles, also called dispersion Forces.

Chemical Bonds

The attractive forces that hold atoms together in elements or compounds.

Polyene

A compound that contains more than one double bond per molecule.

Half-Life

The time required for half of a reactant to be converted into product(s). The time required for half of a given sample to undergo radioactive decay.

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

Carbanion

An organic ion carrying a negative charge on a carbon atom.