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Refers to chemical similarities in the Periodic Table of elements of Period 2 to elements of Period 3 one group to the right, especially evident toward the left of the periodic table.

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Linkage Isomers

Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.

 

Amorphous Solid

A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.

Ionization Isomers

Isomers that result from the interchange of ions inside and outside the coordination sphere.

Distillation

The separation of a liquid mixture into its components on the basis of differences in boiling points. The process in which components of a mixture are separated by boiling away the more volitile liquid.

Band

A series of very closely spaced, nearly continuous molecular orbitals that belong to the crystal as a whole.

Complex Ions

Ions resulting from the formation of coordinate covalent bonds between simple ions and other ions or molecules.

Oxidizing Agent

The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.

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Activation Energy

Amount of energy that must be absorbed by reactants in their ground states to reach the transition state so that a reaction can occur. In other words, activation energy is the minimum energy required for a chemical reaction to occur.

Compressed Gas

A gas or mixture of gases having, in a container an absolute pressure exceeding 40 psi at 21.1°C (70°F)