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Polymeric organosilicon compounds, contain individual or cross-linked Si-O chains or rings in which some oxygens of SiO4 tetrahedra are replaced by other groups.

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Electroplating

Plating a metal onto a (cathodic) surface by electrolysis.

Amine

Derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic groups.

Raoult's Law

The vapor pressure of a solvent in an ideal solution decreases as its mole fraction decreases.

Nuclear Reaction

Involves a change in the composition of a nucleus and can evolve or absorb an extraordinarily large amount of energy.

Molecular Orbital Theory

A theory of chemical bonding based upon the postulated existence of molecular orbitals.

Carcinogen

A substance capable of causing or producing cancer in mammals.

 

xylene

Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.

Combustible

Classification of liquid substances that will burn on the basis of flash points. A combustible liquid means any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) but below 93.3°C (200°F), except any mixture having components with flash points of 93.3°C (200°F) or higher, the total of which makes up 99 percent or more of the total volume of the mixture.

Salinometer

An instrument for measuring the amount of salt in a solution. Also,"salimeter, salometer."

Transition State Theory

Theory of reaction rates that states that reactants pass through high-energy transition states before forming products.