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Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.

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Alkaline Earth Metals

Group IIA metals

Plasma

A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

Electrophoresis

A technique for separation of ions by rate and direction of migration in an electric field.

Hydrolysis

The reaction of a substance with water or its ions.

Leveling Effect

Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

Mixture

A sample of matter composed of two or more substances, each of which retains its identity and properties.

Sulfuric Acid

H2SO4: colorless, oily liquid, boiling point 330C. A 96 percent solution is used in the laboratory.

Fire Hazard: This is a very powerful, acidic oxidizer which can Ignite or even explode on contact with many materials, i.e. acetic acid ,acetone+ HNOs, alcohols, + H202, NH4OH, HCL, NaOH, and others.

Sulfuric acid has a wide range of uses and plays a part in the production of nearly all manufactured goods.

Debye

The unit used to express dipole moments.

Heterogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving species in more than one phase.

Shielding Effect

Electrons in filled sets of s , p orbitals between the nucleus and outer shell electrons shield the outer shell electrons somewhat from the effect of protons in the nucleus, also called screening effect.