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Any of six colorless, crystalline, isomeric acids having the formula C9H10O2, derived from xylene.

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Frasch Process

Method by which elemental sulfur is mined or extracted. Sulfur is melted with superheated water (at 170°C under high pressure) and forced to the surface of the earth as a slurry.

 

Hydrolysis Constant

An equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction.

Saturated Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

Amphiprotism

Ability of a substance to exhibit amphiprotism by accepting donated protons.

Critical Point

The combination of critical temperature and critical pressure of a substance.

Graham's Law

The rates of effusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their molecular weights or densities.

Gas of rotten eggs

If you happen to break a rotten egg, then you know the smell of hydrogen sulfide, because the stench of the spoiled egg depends on of its presence in rotting protein substances.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Explosive

A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release or pressure, gas, heat and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature or applied potential.

Solution

Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.