100% times the actual yield divided by theoretical yield.
- Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis
In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.
- What's In Your Beverage? How to Ensure Quality Control with CO2 Analytical Support
Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
- Harmful Chemicals Found In Food
It's getting close to New Years and many people are starting to think about how to lose those extra pounds they managed to gain over the holidays. There are many sorts of diets and fads that have developed over the years from cutting carbs to cutting protein. Everyone has their own opinion as to...
- Features of the Scanning Tunneling Microscope
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
- Chemical Safety
People use chemicals every day for a wide array of purposes, which can include work and house hold duties. Many of us fail to realize that we are actually handling potentially deadly chemicals when we simply clean the bathroom or wash the car. This brings to mind the reason why chemical safety is...
A class of enzymes found in bacteria within root nodules in some plants, which catalyze reactions by which N2 molecules from the air are converted to ammonia.
A Lewis base in a coordination compound.
The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.
Complex species that contain ammonia molecules bonded to metal ions.
Bonding within metals due to the electrical attraction of positively charges metal ions for mobile electrons that belong to the crystal as a whole.
The complex series of reactions by which nitrogen is slowly but continually recycled in the atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere.
The particle pressure of a vapor at the surface of its parent liquid.
The solid and liquid states.
The range of concentrations over which a flammable vapour mixed with proper ratios of air will ignite or explode if a source of ignitions is provided.
An artificially induced nuclear reaction caused by the bombardment of a nucleus with subatomic particiles or small nucei.
The amount of matter that would be converted into energy if an atom were formed from constituent particles.
Colloidal particles that repel water molecules.
Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.
Of electrons, refers to bonding electrons that are distributed among more than two atoms that are bonded together, occurs in species that exhibit resonance.
The formation of a set of molecular orbitals that extend over more than two atoms, important in species that valence bond theory describes in terms of resonance.
The unit used to express dipole moments.
A common type of dry cell.
Theory of reaction rates that states that effective collisions between reactant molecules must occur in order for the reaction to occur.
Reaction in which two substances (elements or compounds) combine to form one compound.
Molecule formed by combination of two smaller (identical) molecules.
A favourable interaction of two electrons with opposite m , values in the same orbital.