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The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.

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Crystalline Solid

A solid characterized by a regular, ordered arrangement of particles.

Chain Termination Step

The combination of two radicals, which removes the reactive species that propagate the change reaction.

Copper

Discovered : known to ancient civilisations
Origin : The name is derived from 'Cuprum', the Latin name for Cyprus.

Proton

A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.

Native State

Refers to the occurrence of an element in an uncombined or free state in nature.

 

Amine

Derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by organic groups.

Absolute Entropy (of a substance)

The increase in the entropy of a substance as it goes from a perfectly ordered crystalline form at 0 °K (where its entropy is zero) to the temperature in question.

Entropy is a measure of the “dilution” of thermal energy.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.

Cohesive Forces

All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.

Photochemical Oxidants

Photochemically produced oxidizing agents capable of causing damage to plants and animals.