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The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2

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Dilution

Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

Natural Radioactivity

Spontaneous decomposition of an atom.

Free Radical

A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.

Emulsifying Agent

A sustance that coats the particles of the dispersed phase and prevents coagulation of colloidal particles, an emulsifier.

Acid Anhydride

Compound produced by dehydration of a carbonic acid. General formula is R--C--O--C--R. Chemical compound that reacts with water to form an acid and are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Inner Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals for one shell inside the outermost occupied shell in its hybridization.

xylan

The pentosan occurring in woody tissue that hydrolyzes to xylose: used as a source of furfural.

Electrical Conductivity

Ability to conduct electricity.