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Assumes that electron pairs are arranged around the central element of a molecule or polyatomic ion so that there is maximum separation (and minimum repulsion) among regions of high electron density.

 

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Energy

The capacity to do work or transfer heat.

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Degenerate

Of the same energy.

Equilibrium Constant

A quantity that characterizes the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction, its magnitude is equal to the mass action expression at equilibrium. K varies with temperature.

Dissociation

In aqueous solution, the process in which a solid ionic compound separates into its ions.

Crystal Field Theory

Theory of bonding in transition metal complexes in which ligands and metal ions are treated as point charges, a purely ionic model, ligand point charges represent the crystal (electrical) field perturbing the metal?s d orbitals containing nonbonding electrons.

Outer Orbital Complex

Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.

Heat of Condensation

The amount of heat that must be removed from one gram of a vapor at it's condensation point to condense the vapour with no change in temperature.

Adhesive Forces

Forces of attraction between a liquid and another surface.

Chemistry of the sky

Chemistry can teach us about the composition of celestial bodies and determine their age.