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Assumes that electron pairs are arranged around the central element of a molecule or polyatomic ion so that there is maximum separation (and minimum repulsion) among regions of high electron density.

 

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Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Benzene and its derivatives.

Crystalline Solid

A solid characterized by a regular, ordered arrangement of particles.

Turning iron nail into copper nail

This simple chemical experiment shows the so-called process of copper plating of metal products. Copper has the ability to deposit on a metal surface.

Sigma Orbital

Molecular orbital resulting from head-on overlap of two atomic orbitals.

Periodic Law

The properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.

Pairing

A favourable interaction of two electrons with opposite m , values in the same orbital.

Molecular Geometry

The arrangement of atoms (not lone pairs of electrons) around a central atom of a molecule or polyatomic ion.

Henry's Law

The pressure of the gas above a solution is proportional to the concentration of the gas in the solution.

Crystal Field Stabilization Energy

A measure of the net energy of stabilization gained by a metal ion's nonbonding d electrons as a result of complex formation.

Theoretical Yield

Maximum amount of a specified product that could be obtained from specified amounts of reactants, assuming complete consumption of limiting reactant according to only one reaction and complete recovery of product.