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The concept in which two or more equivalent dot formulas for the same arrangement of atoms (resonance structures) are necessary to describe the bonding in a molecule or ion.

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Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Alums

Hydrated sulfates of the general formula M+M3+(SO4)2.12H2).

Ideal Gas

A hypothetical gas that obeys exactly all postulates of the kinetic-molecular theory.

 

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Plasma

A physical state of matter which exists at extremely high temperatures in which all molecules are dissociated and most atoms are ionized.

Cathode

Electrode at which reduction occurs in a cathode ray tube, the negative electrode.

Polymerization

The combination of many small molecules to form large molecules.

Paramagnetism

Attraction toward a magnetic field, stronger than diamagnetism, but still weak compared to ferromagnetism.

Equation of State

An equation that describes the behavior of matter in a given state, the van der Waals equation describes the behavior of the gaseous state.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.