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Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.

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Binding Energy (nuclear binding energy)

The energy equivalent (E = mc^2) of the mass deficiency of an atom.  where: E = is the energy in joules, m is the mass in kilograms, and c is the speed of light in m/s^2

Semipermable Membrane

A thin partition between two solutions through which certain molecules can pass but others cannot.

All Chemicals - Chemical Glossary

The Chemical Glossary currently has 651 chemical entries. You may search the Chemical Glossary by entering the keyword in the search box or by browsing the entire chemical glossary by letter in alphabetical order.

Hydration

Reaction of a substance with water.

Faraday

One faraday of electricity corresponds to the charge on 6.022 x 1023 electrons, or 96,487.301 coulombs.

D-Orbitals

Beginning in the third energy level, aset of five degenerate orbitals per energy level, higher in energy than s and p orbitals of the same energy level.

 

Reducing Agent

The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

Heat Capacity

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a body (of any mass) one degree Celsius.

Electrical Conductivity

Ability to conduct electricity.

Electrolysis

Process that occurs in electrolytic cells.