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Forcing solvent molecules to flow through a semipermable membrane from a concentated solution into a dilute solution by the application of greater hydrostatic pressure on concentrated side than the osmotic pressure opposing it.

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Le Chatelier's Principle

States that a system at equilibrium, or striving to attain equilibrium, responds in such a way as to counteract any stress placed upon it.
If a stress (change of conditions) is applied to a system at equilibrium, the system shifts in the direction that reduces stress.

Tyndall Effect

The scattering of light by colloidal particles.

Doublet

Two peaks or bands of about equal intensity appearing close together on a spectrogram.

Polarimeter

A device used to measure optical activity.

Colloid

A heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles do not settle out.

Electronegativity

A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.

Linear Accelerator

A device used for accelerating charged particles along a straight line path.

Particulate Matter

Fine divided solid particles suspended in polluted air.

Denatured

A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.

 

Kinetic Energy

Energy that matter processes by virtue of its motion.