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Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. They are also called alkanes or paraffin hydrocarbons.

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Essential Oil

A plant extract that has a distinctive odour or flavour.

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Percent Purity

The percent of a specified compound or element in an impure sample.

Sulfuric Acid

H2SO4: colorless, oily liquid, boiling point 330C. A 96 percent solution is used in the laboratory.

Fire Hazard: This is a very powerful, acidic oxidizer which can Ignite or even explode on contact with many materials, i.e. acetic acid ,acetone+ HNOs, alcohols, + H202, NH4OH, HCL, NaOH, and others.

Sulfuric acid has a wide range of uses and plays a part in the production of nearly all manufactured goods.

First Law of Thermodynamics

The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.

Evaporization

Vaporization of a liquid below its boiling point.

Saponification

Hydrolysis of esters in the presence of strong soluable bases.

Ionic Bonding

Chemical bonding resulting from the transfer of one or more electrons from one atom or a group of atoms to another.

Cis-

The prefix used to indicate that groups are located on the same side of a bon about which rotation is restricted.

Allotropes

Different forms of the same element in the same physical state.