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The vapor pressure of a solvent in an ideal solution decreases as its mole fraction decreases.

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First Law of Thermodynamics

The total amount of energy in the universe is constant (also known as the Law of Conservation of Energy) energy is neither created nor destroyed in ordinary chemical reactions and physical changes.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Adhesive Forces

Forces of attraction between a liquid and another surface.

Spectrum

Display of component wavelengths (colours) of electromagnetic radiation.

Atmosphere

A unit of pressure, the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at 0 °C.

Endothermic

Describes processes that absorb heat energy.

Boron Hydrides

Binary compounds of boron and hydrogen.

Oil

Liquid triester of glycerol and unsaturated fatty acids.

Antibonding Orbital

A molecular orbital higher in energy than any of the atomic orbitals from which it is derived, lends instability to a molecule or ion when populated with electrons, denoted with a star (*) superscript or symbol.

Ionization Energy

The minimum amount of energy required to remove the most loosely held electron of an isolated gaseous atom or ion.