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The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

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Band of Stability

Band containing nonradioactive nuclides in a plot of number of neutrons versus atomic number.

Alkyl Group

A group of atoms derived from an alkane by the removal of one hydrogen atom.

Alkynes

Unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds.

Chemical Kinetics

The study of rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions and of the factors on which they depend.

Contact Process

Industrial process by which sulfur trioxide and sulfuric acid are produced from sulfur dioxide.

Method of Initial Rates

Method of determining the rate-law expression by carrying out a reaction with different initial concentrations and analyzing the resultant changes in initial rates.

Galvanizing

Placing a thin layer of zinc on a ferrous material to protect the underlying surface from corrosion.

 

Law of Conservation of Matter

There is no detectable change in the quantity of matter during an ordinary chemical reaction.

Denaturation

A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.

Base

A substance that produces OH (aq) ions in aqueous solution. Strong soluable bases are soluble in water and are completely dissociated. Weak bases ionize only slightly.