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The substance that reduces another substance and is oxidized.

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Nuclear Reactor

A system in which controlled nuclear fisson reactions generate heat energy on a large scale, which is subsequently converted into electrical energy.

Total Ionic Equation

Equation for a chemical reaction written to show the predominant form of all species in aqueous solution or in contact with water.

Electrochemistry

Study of chemical changes produced by electrical current and the production of electricity by chemical reactions.

Solvation

The process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules.

Cohesive Forces

All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.

Greenhouse Effect

Trapping of heat at the surface of the earth by carbon dioxide and water vapour in the atmosphere.

Molecular Weight

The mass of one molecule of a nonionic substance in atomic mass units.

Heavy Water

Water containing deuterium, a heavy isotope of hydrogen.

Spectral Line

Any of a number of lines corresponding to definite wavelengths of an atomic emission or absorption spectrum, represents the energy difference between two energy levels.

 

Valence Electrons

Outermost electrons of atoms, usually those involved in bonding.