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The spontaneous disintegration of atomic nuclei.

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Solvolysis

The reaction of a substance with the solvent in which it is dissolved.

Ferromagnetism

The ability of a substance to become permanently magnetized by exposure to an external magnetic field.

Dynamic Equilibrium

An equilibrium in which processes occur continuously, with no net change. When two (or more) processes occur at the same rate so that no net change occurs.

Stoichiometry

Description of the quantitative relationships among elements and compounds as they undergo chemical changes.

Valence Bond Theory

Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

Cis-Trans Isomerism

A type of geometrical isomerism related to the angles between like ligands.

Chemical Equation

Description of a chemical reaction by placing the formulas of the reactants on the left and the formulas of products on the right of an arrow.

Electrolyte

A substance whose aqueous solutions conduct electricity.

 

Bronsted-Lowry Acid

A proton donor.

Ion Product for Water

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of water, Kw = [H3O+][OH-] =1.00 x 10-14 at 25 °C.