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Numbers that describe the energies of electrons in atoms, derived from quantum mechanical treatment.

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Accuracy

How closely a measured value agrees with the correct value.

Carbonium ion

An orgainic ion carrying a positive charge on a carbon atom.

Law of Conservation of Matter

There is no detectable change in the quantity of matter during an ordinary chemical reaction.

Electrolytic Cells

Electrochemical cells in which electrical energy causes nospontaneous redox reactions to occur. An electrochemical cell in which chemical reactions are forced to occur by the application of an outside source of electrical energy.

Mass

A measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is usually measured in grams or kilograms.

Strong Field Ligand

Ligand that exerts a strong crystal or ligand electrical field and generally forms low spin complexes with metal ions when possible.

Periodic Table

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.

Alpha (a) Particle

Helium ion with 2+ charge, an assembly of two protons and two neutrons.

Doublet

Two peaks or bands of about equal intensity appearing close together on a spectrogram.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.