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Mathematical method of treating particles on the basis of quantum theory, which assumes that energy (of small particles) is not infinitely divisible.

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Carcinogen

A substance capable of causing or producing cancer in mammals.

 

Ionization Constant

Equilibrium constant for the ionization of a weak electrolyte.

Enantiomer

One of the two mirror-image forms of an optically active molecule.

Anion

A negative ion, an atom or goup of atoms that has gained one or more electrons.

 

Complex Ions

Ions resulting from the formation of coordinate covalent bonds between simple ions and other ions or molecules.

Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

One equivalent weight of a substance is produced at each electrode during the passage of 96,487 coulombs of charge through an electrolytic cell.

Phosphoric Acid

H3P04, Colorless liquid or rhombic crystals, decomposes before it will boil. Used mostly in the metal etchant. Used in cleaning operations to remove encrusted surface matter and mineral scale found on metal equipment such as boilers and steam producing equipment. Also used to brighten metals and remove rust.

Associated Ions

Short-lived species formed by the collision of dissolved ions of opposite charges.

Molarity

Number of moles of solute per litre of solution.

Cohesive Forces

All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.