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The properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.

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Conjugate Acid-base Pair

In Bronsted-Lowry terminology, a reactant and product that differ by a proton, H+.

Intermolecular Forces

Forces between individual particles (atoms, molecules, ions) of a substance.

Heat of Solution

The amount of heat absorbed in the formation of solution that contains one mole of solute, the value is positive if heat is absorbed (endothermic) and negative if heat is released (exothermic).

Fatty Acids

An aliphatic acid, many can obtained from animal fats.

Hard Water

Water containing Fe3+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ ions, which forms precipates with soap.

Protein Design: Automated protein discovery and synthesis

In this paper I describe (theoretically) the method(s) of automated protein discovery and synthesis.

Atom

The smallest particle of an element.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Heterogeneous Mixture

A mixture that does not have uniform composition and properties throughout.

Sigma Bonds

Bonds resulting from the head-on overlap of atomic orbitals, in which the region of electron sharing is along and (cylindrically) symmetrical to the imaginary line connecting the bonded atoms.