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Refers to different atomic forms of all elements in contrast to ?isotopes?, which refer only to different atomic forms of a single element.

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yield

The quantity of product formed by the interaction of two or more substances, generally expressed as a percentage of the quantity obtained to that theoretically obtainable.

Condensed States

The solid and liquid states.

Polarization

The buildup of a product of oxidation or a reduction of an electrode, preventing further reaction.

Ligand

A Lewis base in a coordination compound.

Dipole-dipole Interactions

Attractive interactions between polar molecules, that is, between molecules with permanent dipoles.

Valence Bond Theory

Assumes that covalent bonds are formed when atomic orbitals on different atoms overlap and the electrons are shared.

Photochemical Smog

A brownish smog occurring in urban areas receiving large amounts of sunlight, caused by photochemical (light-induced) reactions among nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and other components of polluted air that produce photochemical oxidants.

 

Electronegativity

A measure of the relative tendency of an atom to attract electrons to itself when chemically combined with another atom.

Nernst Equation

Corrects standard electrode potentials for nonstandard conditions.

Physical Change

A change in which a substance changes from one physical state to another but no substances with different composition are formed. Example Gas to Liquid - Solid.