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The process in which a heavy nucleus splits into nuclei of intermediate masses and one or more protons are emitted.

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Homogeneous Equilibria

Equilibria involving only one species in a single phase. For example, all gases, all liquids or all solids.

Temperature

A measure of the intensity of heat, i.e. the hotness or coldness of a sample. or object.

Band

A series of very closely spaced, nearly continuous molecular orbitals that belong to the crystal as a whole.

Nitrogenases

A class of enzymes found in bacteria within root nodules in some plants, which catalyze reactions by which N2 molecules from the air are converted to ammonia.

 

K Capture

Absorption of a K shell (n=1) electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.

Proton

A subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0073 amu and a charge of +1, found in thew nuclei of atoms.

Mother Nuclide

Nuclide that undergoes nuclear decay.

Dilution

Process of reducing the concentration of a solute in solution, usually simply by mixing with more solvent.

Bond Energy

The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds of a given kind (in gas phase).The amount of energy necessary to break one mole of bonds in a substance, dissociating the sustance in the gaseous state into atoms of its elements in the gaseous state.

Mass Number

The sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in an atom, an integer.