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The number of moles of a component of a mixture divided by the total number of moles in the mixture.

 

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Polyprotic Acid

An Acid that can form two or more hydronium ions per molecule, often a least one step of ionization is weak.

Neutron

A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.

Activity of a component of ideal mixture

A dimensionless quantity whose magnitude is: equal to molar concentration in an ideal solution, equal to partial pressure in an ideal gas mixture, and defined as 1 for pure solids or liquids.

Coordination Compound or Complex

A compound containing coordinate covalent bonds.

Functional Group

A group of atoms that represents a potential reaction site in an organic compound.

Eutrophication

The undesirable overgrowth of vegetation caused by high concentrates of plant nutrients in bodies of water.

Crystal Lattice

A pattern of arrangement of particles in a crystal.

Integrated Rate Equation

An equation giving the concentration of a reactant remaining after a specified time, has different mathematical form for different orders of reactants.

Binary Acid

A binary compound in which H is bonded to one or more of the more electronegative nonmetals.

Spectrochemical Series

Arrangement of ligands in order of increasing ligand field strength.