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The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.

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Disproportionation Reactions

Redox reactions in which the oxidizing agent and the reducing agent are the same species.

Liquid Aerosol

Colloidal suspension of liquid in gas.

Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Reaction Quotient

The mass action expression under any set of conditions (not necessarily equlibrium), its magnitude relative to K determines the direction in which the reaction must occur to establish equilibrium.

Solution

Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.

Optical Isomers

Stereoisomers that differ only by being nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other, like right and left hands, also called enantiomers.

Dextrorotatory

Refers to an optically active substance that rotates the plane of plane polarized light clockwise, also called dextro.

Complex Ions

Ions resulting from the formation of coordinate covalent bonds between simple ions and other ions or molecules.

Melting Point

The temperature at which liquid and solid coexist in equilibrium, also the freezing point.

Crystal Lattice Energy

Amount of energy that holds a crystal together, the energy change when a mole of solid is formed from its constituent molecules or ions (for ionic compounds) in their gaseous state.