Isomers in which a particular ligand bonds to a metal ion through different donor atoms.
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The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) invented by Heinrich Rohrer and Gerd Binnig in the 1980s still manages to do a great job today and competes with more advanced microscope types. The scanning tunneling microscope is used for studying the surface atoms that are found on various materials. The...
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Calibration standards, performance audits, and the FDA's never-ending safety, labeling, and inspection requirements are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to dealing with the increasingly stringent quality control standards of the beverage industry. As these quality standards become...
All the forces of attraction among particles of a liquid.
Band Theory of Metals
Theory that accounts for the bonding and properties of metallic solids.
Any of three oily, colorless, water-insoluble, flammable, toxic, isomeric liquids, C8H10, of the benzene series, obtained mostly from coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes.
Bonding within metals due to the electrical attraction of positively charges metal ions for mobile electrons that belong to the crystal as a whole.
A reaction in which an atom or a group of atoms is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.
Ordinary batteries (voltaic cells) for flashlights. radios, and so on, many are Leclanche cells.
The pressure exerted by one gas in a mixture of gases.
Any of six isomeric compounds that have the formula C8H11N, are derivatives of xylene, and resemble aniline: used in dye manufacture.
An atom or a group of atoms that carries an electric charge.
Mixing a set of atomic orbitals to form a new set of atomic orbitals with the same total electron capacity and with properties and energies intermediate between those of the original unhybridized orbitals.
Bonding of atoms of the same element into chains or rings.
The bonding together of atoms of the same element to form chains.
The ability of an element to bond to itself.
Atomic Mass Unit (amu)
One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.
Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell
Fuel cell in which hydrogen is the fuel (reducing agent) and oxygen is the oxidizing agent.
Equation for a chemical reaction in which all formulas are written as if all substances existed as molecules, only complete formulas are used.
Fine divided solid particles suspended in polluted air.
The energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released through fission, fusion, or radioactivity. In these processes a small amount of mass is converted to energy according to the relationship E = mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light.
A common type of dry cell.
A noncrystalline solid with no well-defined ordered structure.
A highly reactive chemical species carrying no charge and having a single unpaired electron in an orbital.
A commercial term used to describe ethanol that has been rendered unfit for human consumption because of the addition of harmful ingredients to make it sales tax-expempt.