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An organic ion carrying a negative charge on a carbon atom.

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Dipole

Refers to the separation of charge between two covalently bonded atoms.

Concentration

Amount of solute per unit volume or mass of solvent or of solution.

Atomic Mass Unit (amu)

One twelfth of a mass of an atom of the carbon-12 isotope, a unit used for stating atomic and formula weights, also called dalton.

Avogadro's Number

The number (6.022x10^23) of atoms, molecules or particles found in exactly 1 mole of substance.

Alpha Particles

A helium nucleus.

Chemical Periodicity

The variations in properties of elements with their position in the periodic table.

PseudobinaryIonic Compounds

Compounds that contain more than two elements but are named like binary compounds.

Electronic Transition

The transfer of an electron from one energy level to another.

Nitric Acid

HNO3: A strong acid, it is toxic and can cause severe burns. Transparent colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic and corrosive liquid. Nitric acid boiling point is 83C. A 70 percent solution is used in the S.S.E. laboratory for junction depth measurements. Nitric acid is also present in the metal etch solution used for the Aluminum etch procedure.

Calorimeter

A device used to measure the heat transfer between system and surroundings.