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Many representative elements attain at least a share of eight electrons in their valence shells when they form molecular or ionic compounds, there are some limitations.

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Denaturation

A process pertaining to a change in structure of a protein form regular to irregular arrangement of the polypeptide chains.

Effective Collisons

Collision between molecules resulting in a reaction, one in which the molecules collide with proper relative orientations and sufficient energy to react.

 

Dissociation Constant

Equilibrium constant that applies to the dissociation of a comples ion into a simple ion and coordinating species (ligands).

Displacement Reactions

Reactions in which one element displaces another from a compound.

 

Differential Thermometer

A thermometer used for accurate measurement of very small changes in temperature.

Fat

Solid triester of glycerol and (mostly) saturated fatty acids.

Boiling Point

The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the applied pressure, also the condensation point

Matter

Anything that has mass and occupies space.

Critical Point

The combination of critical temperature and critical pressure of a substance.

Distilland

The material in a distillation apparatus that is to be distilled.