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Effect by which all acids stronger than the acid that is characteristic of the solvent react with solvent to produce that acid, similar statement applies to bases. The strongest acid (base) that can exist in a given solvent is the acid (base) characteristic of the solvent.

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Element

A substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical means.

Neutralization

The reaction of an acid with a base to form a salt and water. Usually, the reaction of hydrogen ions with hydrogen ions to form water molecules.

van der Waals' Equation

An equation of state that extends the ideal gas law to real gases by inclusion of two empirically determined parameters, which are different for different gases.

Cis-

The prefix used to indicate that groups are located on the same side of a bon about which rotation is restricted.

Voltage

Potential difference between two electrodes, a measure of the chemical potential for a redox reaction to occur.

Periodic Table of Elements

An arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic numbers that also emphasizes periodicity.

Secondary Standard

A solution that has been titrated against a primary standard. A standard solution is a secondary standard.

 

Vapor

A gas formed by boiling or evaporating a liquid.

Thermodynamics

The study of the energy transfers accompanying physical and chemical processes.

Neutron

A neutral subatomic particle having a mass of 1.0087 amu.